Track Record

Over the past 20 years we have played a key role in the development of the modern understanding of sea clutter culminating in the compound K-distribution model.


Fundamental research into sea surface scattering has lead to a practical capability for the design of detection systems and the evaluation of their performance. This is complemented by a suite of statistical modelling and simulation tools that have contributed to many maritime radar programmes including:

Low Grazing Angle Scattering

Historically this has been an enigma because the average radar cross section is much higher than expected, the statistics are non-Gaussian and ‘spikes’ produce unwanted false alarms in radar systems.

Research has tended to concentrate on describing these effects. However, in recent years progress has been made in understanding them by the identification of the dominant scattering mechanisms from the ocean surface at low grazing angles.

A physical model incorporating these effects has been developed which agrees with a detailed empirical model based entirely on observation. This understanding is being exploited to develop improved radar detection algorithms.